DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (UAE) – America’s longest war, the two-decade-old conflict in Afghanistan that erupted after the September 11 terrorist attacks, killed tens of thousands of people, persecuted four US presidents and eventually became invincible. despite the shocking wine of blood և treasure.
This latest chapter, by President Biden’s decision to withdraw all US troops from Afghanistan on the 20th anniversary of the terrorist attacks, hints at the enormous cost of war losses.
Here is the price of America’s election campaign: bloodshed, wasted resources, future repercussions for a war-torn nation on the brink of chaos.
LET’S MAKE THE LIFE
The Afghans paid the highest price. At least 47,245 civilians have been killed in the war since April 47, 2001, according to Brown University’s War Expenses Project, which documents the hidden costs of the 9/11 war.
Since the start of the inter-Afghan peace talks in Qatar last autumn, the number of civilian bombings targeting civilians has risen to unprecedented heights, according to UN observers, who say a total of 72 journalists and 444 paramedics have been killed in the conflict.
The Afghan government keeps the casualties among its soldiers secret so as not to upset the morale, but the Costs of War estimates that 66,000 to 69,000 Afghan troops have been killed in the war.
The war forced 2.7 million Afghans to flee abroad, mainly to Iran, Pakistan and Europe. Another 4 million people are displaced within a country of 36 million.
At the same time, 2442 American servicemen have been killed and 20666 wounded in the war since 2001, according to the Ministry of Defense, according to estimates, more than 3800 US private security contractors have been killed. The Pentagon is not following up on their deaths.
As a result of the conflict, 1,144 members of the 40-member NATO coalition, which has trained Afghan forces over the years, were killed, according to the iCasualties website. The remaining 7,000 Allied troops will also leave Biden by the 9/11 deadline.
According to the War Expenses Project, the United States has spent a staggering $ 2.26 trillion on dizzying spending.
The Department of Defense’s latest 2020 report states that war spending has totaled $ 815.7 billion over the years. It covers the operating costs of the US military in Afghanistan, from fuel to food to Humvees, weapons to ammunition, from tanks to armored vehicles to aircraft carriers to air strikes.
Although the United States first invaded al Qaeda to avenge its massacre of its hosts, the Taliban, the United States, and NATO soon focused on a more open mission: nation-building.
According to the latest figures from the Afghanistan Special Reconstruction Inspector (SIGAR), Washington has invested more than $ 143 billion since 2002.
Of that, $ 88 billion was spent on training, upgrading and financing the Afghan military and police forces. Another $ 36 billion was spent on reconstruction projects, education infrastructure such as dams and highways, according to a SIGAR report. Another $ 4.1 billion went to humanitarian aid for refugees in disasters. The campaign to deter Afghans from selling heroin has cost more than $ 9 billion.
Unlike other conflicts in American history, the United States has borrowed heavily to finance the war in Afghanistan, paying interest of about $ 530 billion. It also paid $ 296 billion for other medical care for veterans, according to War Expenses. It will continue to pay for those costs for years to come.
Most of the billions spent on huge infrastructure projects have been squandered, the US Inspector General has found. Als canals, dams and highways were damaged as Afghanistan failed to absorb the flood of aid. Newly built hospitals and schools were empty. Without proper oversight, US money has led to corruption that undermines government legitimacy.
Despite the costly anti-drug campaign, opium exports reached record highs. Despite billions in weapons and training of Afghan security forces, the Taliban have increased the area under their control. Despite the huge costs of job creation and welfare, unemployment fluctuates around 25%. According to the World Bank, the poverty rate has fluctuated over the years, reaching 47%, until 2020, when the fund began to calculate 36%.
“We invested too much, we invested too little to show it,” said Michael Wahid Hanna, a senior fellow at the Dari Foundation in Washington.
PRICE OF DEPARTURE
Although few want to end the war, many fear that its eventual end could jeopardize Afghanistan’s insignificant achievements in health, education, and women’s rights, which were achieved in the early years when the United States expanded its economy and toppled the Taliban. were set against women. ,
The World Bank notes that the life expectancy has increased from 56 to 64 years since 2001. Maternal mortality has more than halved. Education opportunities have increased. Literacy rate increased by 8% to 43%. Life in cities has improved. 89% of the population has clean water before the war 16%.
According to the UN, child marriage has decreased by 17%. Girls’ enrollment in elementary school has almost doubled, more women have been admitted to college and served in parliament. These figures are still pale by world standards.
But the failure of America’s ambitions to build a wider, more stable, democratic Afghanistan has left the country in a state of uncertainty as US forces withdraw. The nation’s history tells of a civil war that followed foreign invasions.
“For better or worse, the United States now has a serious stabilizing presence; when it does, there will be a power vacuum,” said Michael Cullen, an economics expert at the London School of Economics. “There will be many points in the 20-year war that need to be resolved.”