WASHINGTON (AP) – US population growth has slowed to its lowest level since the Great Depression, according to the Census Bureau, as Americans continued their march south-west; ,
Overall, the U.S. population rose to 331,449,281 last year, according to the Census Bureau on Monday, a 7.4% increase, the second slowest ever. Experts say the slow pace reflects the aging population, slowing immigration և The Great Depression more than a decade ago, forcing many young people to postpone marriage and family.
The new distribution of congressional seats comes from the first issue of last year’s headline data. The figures generally show familiar American migration patterns. Texas և Florida, the giants of the two sun protection zones, have increased their population enough to win seats in Congress as colder weather like New York and Ohio has grown slowly and lost political muscle.
The introduction also confirms a historical milestone. For the first time in its 170-year statehood, California is losing its seat in Congress as a result of slow migration to the country’s most populous state, once a symbol of the country’s vast borders.
The state’s population figures, known as the distribution calculations, determine the $ 1.5 trillion annual federal spending allocation. They mark the official beginning of the redistributive battles once a decade. The figures released on Monday, as well as more detailed data expected later this year, will be used by state legislatures or independent commissions to draw up policy maps taking into account changes in population numbers.
Getting there is still a tangled road. 2020 The census has been plagued by a century-long coronavirus epidemic, accusations of forest fires, hurricanes, and political interference in the Trump administration’s failed attempt to raise the issue of citizenship, with fluctuating deadlines and lawsuits.
Texas was the biggest winner. The second most populous state added two seats to Congress, and Florida և North Carolina each received one seat. Colorado, Montana և Oregon all added residents և got each seat. Illinois, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia were among the states that lost places.
The new issues contain some surprises. Although Texas և Florida grew, the final census gave each of them less space than expected. Arizona, another fast-growing state that demographers considered a sure bet to win a new place, failed to win that place. All three states have large Latin populations, accounting for about half of their growth, and this could be an early sign that Hispanics were avoiding the Trump administration.
Still, Thomas Saenz, president of the Mexican American Legal Education Foundation, said he was not prepared to “alarm” the underperformance of Hispanic-speaking countries. He said he believed the Spanish-speaking growth had helped states like Colorado and Oregon gain seats, preventing more losses in states like New York and Illinois.
The reshuffle of the Congress is a game of zero money. States allocate 435 seats in the House based on population advantages, which can be surprisingly small. If New York had counted 89 people, the state would have retained its place, and Minnesota would have lost one, officials say. Minnesota, which had the nation’s highest response rate, also secured the last seat of the House in 2010.
The change in the congressional map shifted the seats from blue to red, giving Republicans a clear, immediate advantage. The party will have full control over congressional maps in Texas, Florida and North Carolina, adding four seats.
In contrast to the Democrats overseeing the Oregon process, Democrat lawmakers there have agreed to give Republicans an equal right to redistribute in exchange for a commitment to block bills. In Democratic Colorado, a non-partisan commission will draw the lines, meaning the party will not have full control over the redistribution of a single expanding state.
The total numbers confirm what demographers have long warned. The country’s growth is slow. Many expected growth to be even below the level of the 1930s, given the Great Depression, the abolition of immigration that virtually ceased during last year’s epidemic.
William Frey, a demographer at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C., warned that even a recovering economy may not change the trend as the population ages rapidly and immigration becomes controversial. “Unlike the Great Depression, this is part of a process in which we are likely to continue to grow slowly,” Frey said.
Meanwhile, Americans continue to move to GOP-led states. For now, that change would allow Republicans to form new congressional districts to maximize the influence of their constituents, to have a large lead in the upcoming election, possibly enough to regain control of the US House of Representatives.
But in the long run, it is not clear that migration is good news for Republicans. Many of the fastest growing states are more competitive political fronts, where newcomers, including many young people of color, can at some point give way to the Democrats.
“What’s happening is a growth in the Sunbelt states that has a democratic tendency or will soon become democratic,” Frey said.
That means Republicans may be limited in how many seats they can get when Democrats move to their constituencies.
“It will be difficult for the Texas Legislature to complicate congressional constituencies,” said William Fulton, director of the Kinder Institute for Urban Studies at Rice University in Houston. “Texas as a state has not yet turned blue, but the centers of the blue population are growing really fast.”
Fulton, who moved from California to Texas, said his new home had become “the new California, a large state with a large population.” He thinks California is at risk of becoming the new Northeast, which he described as a stagnant, crowded area that retains wealth and intellectual influence but loses innovators in more promising areas.
Despite California’s slower growth, the state still has 10 million more residents than Texas.
Fulton says North Carolina և Texas will be positioned to become the intellectual force of the new economy as the South’s large industrial industries, such as automobiles, have been stripped of their rust. “We are 10 to 20 years away from the South-West, which really dominates American culture, American society,” Fulton said.
But population growth also brings with it new cargoes, such as increased traffic, rising house prices, and infrastructure tensions already facing climate change, which is vividly described when the Texas power grid failed during the February winter storms.
The pattern in the census data began in the 1930s with the development of modern air conditioning, and has been stable ever since. This time it was California that changed the pattern.
In California, house prices have risen, prompting an influx of people to move to other western states. Those relocations helped turn Colorado, Nevada into democracies, and Arizona became more competitive.
“It’s California’s emigration, Blue State immigrants,” Frey said. “Californians take their votes and move to other places.”
The change of current is led by the Spanish speakers. Hispanics accounted for about half of the growth in Arizona, Florida and Texas over the decade, according to the American Census Bureau, a census bureau program that is separate from the tenth annual census.
The legal deadline for returning the distribution numbers was December 31, but the Census Bureau postponed that date to April because of the challenges posed by the epidemic and the need for more time to rectify unexpected irregularities.
More detailed figures will be released later this year, showing populations by race, Hispanic descent, gender, and geographic population, with smaller districts. This redistribution data will be used to accurately rearrange congressional and legislative constituencies.
President Biden sent the numbers to the Capitol on Monday, where the secretary of the House has 15 days to inform the governors.
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